Qualification mismatch across OECD countries: over-qualified or under-skilled?

Some of the main conclusions of a working paper published in the OECD Employment Outlook 2011 « Right for the Job: over-qualified or under-skilled? » show that:

-Only about 40% of over-qualified workers report feeling mismatched based on their skills and the relationship between under-qualification and under-skilling is even weaker.

-Qualification mismatch and skill mismatch affect wages, job satisfaction and incentives to engage in on-the-job search (i.e. looking for a job while working).

-Policy intervention may be warranted to address a number of issues such as: the mis-investment in education implicit in large numbers of youth leaving school without the skills that employers require; the costs incurred by firms to sort candidates into jobs when qualifications provide bad signals for skills; and the difficulties faced by some specific groups such as job losers and immigrants.

– Policy interventions designed to reduce mismatches require the co-operation of the many different actors involved in generating jobs, imparting and acquiring skills and bringing jobs and workers together: employers, educators, individual workers, central and local governments, public employment services and the social partners.

The paper has been prepared in the context of the New Skills for New Jobs project funded by the European Commission.

Download the paper

Referencing National Qualifications Levels to the EQF

How can National qualification systems be adapted to a common European denominator? The third note of the European Qualification Framework Series informs on the recent discussions and decisions concerning the implementation of the European Qualification Framework (EQF)

New EU plans for employment and lifelong learning

On 27 October 2010, the European Commission released a Communication entitled « Towards a Single Market Act ». Its overall objective is to propose 50 measures to improve our work, business and exchanges with one another. Three proposals are more specifically related to access to employment and lifelong learning (see pp.24-25 of the document):

Proposal No 33: In 2012 the Commission will propose a legislative initiative to reform the systems for the recognition of professional qualifications, on an evaluation of the acquis in 2011, in order to facilitate the mobility workers and adapt training to current labour market requirements. As this proposal, the possibility of a professional card will be evaluated.

Proposal No 34: The Commission will develop, in cooperation with the Member States, a ‘Youth on the Move card’ helping all young people to move to another Member State to study. It will expand its ‘Youth on the Move’ Internet site by providing information on distance learning and opportunities to study and train in Europe.

Proposal No 35: The Commission will implement the European qualifications framework in partnership with the Member States. It will propose a Council Recommendation to promote and validate training outside
the classroom (non-formal and informal learning). It will also propose the creation of a ‘European Skills Passport’ enabling individuals to record the knowledge and skills they have acquired throughout their lives. It will establish a bridge between the European Qualifications Framework and the nomenclature of occupations in Europe.

EQF-CODE releases final European Specialist Profiles of eContent development professions

The EQF-CODE Leonardo project released a set of European Specialist Profiles for 5 eContent professions:

  • web designer
  • web content / multimedia developer
  • digital animator / 2D-3D specialist
  • webmaster
  • web content manager

The profiles can be downloaded here.

The main objectives of the EQF Code initiative was to bring more transparency and comparability into e-Content development qualifications at European level. In order to achieve this goal, the project had to work with the IT-specific e-Competence Framework (eCF) and the European Qualification Framework (EQF).

Reference Material on the Methodology used in the project and Guidelines for the development of training curricula on eContent professions are also available for download on the project’s website.

Comments from interested parties are welcome!